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Health Advisory - Ebola Virus
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HIGH COMMISSION OF INDIA
ACCRA

ADVISORY ISSUED BY HEALTH MINISTRY OF INDIA FOR INDIAN NATIONALS, CONCERNING EBOLA OUTBREAK

  • Ebola virus disease is rare.
  • Disease is spread by contact with body fluids of An infected person or a diseased animal or by coming in contact with contaminated objects.
  • The disease is characterized by symptoms such as fever, weakness, muscle pain, headache and sore throat, followed by vomiting, diarrhea, rash and in some cases bleeding. Persons who come in direct contact of body fluids of infected person or infected animal are at risk.
  • There is no vaccine.
  • In view of the prevailing situation it is advisable to avoid / defer travel to countries affected with outbreak of Ebola Virus disease.

During your stay in affected countries :

  • Avoid all contact with suspected / confirmed cases of EVD and blood and body fluids of infected people or animals.
  • Do not handle items that may have come in contact with body fluids if diseased person or infected animal.

Advisory for Indian families staying in affected areas (including travelers visiting):

  • Avoid all contact with suspect / confirmed cases of EVD and blood and body fluids of infected people or animals during your stay.
  • Do not handle items that may have come in contact with body fluids of diseased person or infected animal during your stay.
  • If you have been exposed to a suspected/confirmed Ebola cases self-monitor health for occurrence of symptoms (like fever, weakness, muscle pain, headache, and sore throat, followed by vomiting, diarrhea, stomach pain, rash and red eyes) for 30 days.
  • In case you suffer from any such illness, immediately isolate yourself from other family members and report to the designated health facility for prompt management.
  • Follow simple public health measures (also when accidentally exposed) like:
    • Hand hygiene: Wash hands with soap and water for at least 30 seconds after assisting ill travelers or coming in contact with body fluids or surfaces that may be contaminated.
    • An alcohol-based hand cleaner is an alternative to hand-washing but will not be effective if hands are visibly soiled.
    • Avoid touching your mouth, eyes, and nose with unwashed or gloved hands.
    • Staying away to avoid close contact with affected persons.
    • Use of tissues or face mask to prevent contact with respiratory secretions.

Advisory for families and travelers returning to India:

  • If you have stayed in the areas where Ebola cases have been recently reported, self-monitor your health for occurrence of symptoms (like fever, weakness, muscle pain, headache, and sore throat, followed by vomiting, diarrhea, stomach pain, rash and red eyes) for 30 days.
  • If you develop symptoms before travel, defer your travel and report to health facility.
  • In case you develop symptoms on flight, report to the airlines crew.
  • After disembarkation report to airport health officer.
  • In case you suffer from any such illness after reaching home, immediately report to the nearest designated health facility for prompt management.

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Travel Advisory 2 : Ebola Virus

   In accordance with the latest instructions of the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare of the Government of India, all persons travelling to India may please note the following:

1. Any passenger travelling to India who has suffered from Ebola and has undergone treatment for Ebola Virus Disease  has to produce an "EVD Free Certificate", from the Ministry of Health of the country concerned, at the time of applying for visa, confirming that there is no evidence of virus in his her body fluids. The Certificate must indicate that the report has been prepared on the basis of two tests repeated 48 hours apart on samples of blood, urine, stool, vaginal fluid and semen, and found negative for presence of the Ebola virus [by real time or conventional Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCT)].

2. If the certificate is incomplete in any respect and fails to satisfy the Airport Health Officer then the passenger could be quarantined at the quarantine/isolation facility attached to the airport(s) for a period, determined by the reports of the tests on blood and other body fluids done on him/her.

3. The Ebola virus is present in blood, other body fluids (urine, sweat, vaginal fluid, and semen) and stool of a case of Ebola Virus Disease for a variable period of time, after the patient becomes symptom-free.

4.Passengers travelling to India who do not possess the Health certificate or could not produce the same on arrival in any Indian airport are advised not to travel to India for a period of 90 days, counted from the day he/she was discharged from the treatment facility.

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